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Introduction of Stabilized Zirconia

1. Phase of Zirconia(ZrO2)

Zirconia has three phase: monoclinic phase(m-ZrO2), tetragonal phase(t-ZrO2) and cubic phase(c-ZrO2). The phase can be changed under different temperature as below:
Phase of Zirconia(ZrO2)

2. Density of Zirconia(ZrO2) in different phase

m-ZrO2: 5.65g/cm3
t-ZrO2: 6.1g/cm3
c-ZrO2: 6.27g/cm3

3. Why Zirconia need Stabilized?

During a heating or cooling process, zirconium oxide will undergo a phase transformation process. The change in volume associated with this transformation will lead a crack of zirconia, which makes the usage of pure zirconium oxide in many applications impossible. To overcome this kind of defect, some materials are added to maintain the zirconia phase. These materials called stabilizer and related product named Stabilized Zirconia.

4. Common Zirconia Stabilizer

Common used Zirconia Stabilizers include Y2O3, CeO2, CaO and MgO etc. The most common and effective stabilizer is Y2O3. The stabilized zirconia called Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia, Cerium-Stabilized Zirconia, Calcia-Stabilized Zirconia, Magnesia-Stabilized Zirconia accordingly.

5. Preparation of Stabilized Zirconia

ALB’s Stabilized Zirconia is prepared by chemical co-precipitated method.
Stabilized zirconia production flow chart:
Preparation of Stabilized Zirconia

6. Commercial available stabilized zirconia from ALB

Item No.

Description

Purity

Inquiry($, USD)

PSZ-5.5Y

Yttria (3 mol%) Stabilized Zirconia
D50 = 0.5-1.0 µm; Specific Surface Area: ~ 15 m2/g

Zr(Hf)O2: 94.5% wt;
Y2O3: 5.2 ± 0.2% wt

Inquiry

PSZ-5.5YS

Yttria (3 mol%) Stabilized Zirconia
D50 < 1.0 µm; Specific Surface Area: 7~9 m2/g

Zr(Hf)O2: 94.5% wt;
Y2O3: 5.2 ± 0.2% wt

Inquiry

PSZ-8.5YS

Yttria (5 mol%) Stabilized Zirconia
D50 = 0.5-1.0 µm; Specific Surface Area: 7~9 m2/g

Zr(Hf)O2: 91.5% wt;
Y2O3: 8.5 ± 0.2% wt

Inquiry

PSZ-13.5Y

Yttria (8 mol%) Stabilized Zirconia
D50 = 0.5-1.0 µm; Specific Surface Area: ~15 m2/g

Zr(Hf)O2: 86% wt;
Y2O3: 13.5 ± 0.2% wt

Inquiry

PSZ-13.5YS

Yttria (8 mol%) Stabilized Zirconia
D50 = 0.5-1.0 µm; Specific Surface Area: 7~9 m2/g

Zr(Hf)O2: 86% wt;
Y2O3: 13.5 ± 0.2% wt

Inquiry

PSZ-3M

Magnesia Stabilized Zirconia
D50= 0.5 - 1.0 µm; Specific Surface Area 7~9 m2/g

Zr(Hf)O2 96% wt;
MgO :3.5 ± 0.2% wt

Inquiry

PSZ-4C

Calcia Stabilized Zirconia
D50 = 0.5-1.0 µm; Specific Surface Area: 7~9 m2/g

Zr(Hf)O2 95% wt;
CaO :4.0 ± 0.2% wt

Inquiry

PSZ-10Ce

Cerium Stabilized Zirconia
D50 = 0.5-1.0 µm; Specific Surface Area: 7~9 m2/g

Zr(Hf)O2 89.5% wt;
CeO2 :10.0 ± 0.2% wt

Inquiry

PSZ-20Ce

Cerium Stabilized Zirconia
D50 = 0.5-1.0 µm; Specific Surface Area: >15 m2/g

Zr(Hf)O2: 79.5% wt;
CeO2 :20.0 ± 0.2% wt

Inquiry

Nano Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia is also available:
Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) Nanopowder, Nanoparticles, 50nm, 99.9 %, 3mol %
Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) Nanopowder, Nanoparticles, 50nm, 99.9 %, 5mol %
Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) Nanopowder, Nanoparticles, 50nm, 99.9 %, 8mol %
Specification of Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia:

Item No.

PSZ-5.5Y

PSZ-5.5YS

PSZ-8.5YS

PSZ-13.5YS

Phase

3Y tetragonal

3Y tetragonal

5Y tetragonal

8Y cubic

Zr(Hf)O2 (wt %)

94.5

94.5±0.3

91.5

86

Y2O3 (wt %)

5.2±0.2

5.2±0.2

8.5±0.2

13.5±0.2

Al2O3 % ≤

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

SiO2 %≤

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

Fe2O3 %≤

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

CaO %≤

0.005

0.005

0.006

0.005

MgO %≤

0.005

0.005

0.005

0.005

TiO2 %≤

0.002

0.002

0.002

0.002

Na2O %≤

0.005

0.004

0.005

0.005

Cl- %≤

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

Loss on ignition %≤

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

Specific surface area(m2/g)

~15

7-9

7-9

7-9

Average particle size (um)

0.5-1.0 um

<1.0 um

0.5-1.0 um

0.5-1.0 um

8. Application of Stabilized Zirconia

Stabilized zirconia is used as a grinding media and engineering ceramics due to its increased hardness and high thermal shock resistivity. Stabilized zirconia is also used in applications such as oxygen sensors and solid oxide fuel cells due to its high oxygen ion conductivity.


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